Normandy, France

History - Monuments & Memorials

St. Valery-en-Caux Franco-British Cemetry

St. Valery-en-Caux is a small seaside town and holiday resort 32 kilometres west of Dieppe and 60 kilometres north-west of Rouen.

for more information, see the 51st Highland section

Highland Division Window - St Valery en Caux

This window, dedicated in June 1990, is a gift from the highland cities and towns of Scotland and commemorates fifty years of their special association with the people and township of St. Valéry en Caux with Inverness and began in the difficult circumstances of 1940 when the German army converged on the town and the combined allied forces comprising the French 9 St Corps and the 51st Highland Division.

for more information, see the 51st Highland section

Ste. Marie Cemetery, Le Havre

Ste. Marie Cemetery is one of the town cemeteries, but it is actually situated in the commune of Graville-St. Honorine, overlooking Le Havre from the north.

for more information, see the WWI section

Canadian War Cemetry, Dieppe

The Dieppe Raid of 18-19 August 1942 was the first large scale daylight assault on a strongly held objective on the Continent since the Allied withdrawal of 1940.

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Monument to the French 2nd Light Cavalry Division

St.Valery-en-Caux

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Veules-les-Roses Communal Cemetery.

Veules-les-Roses is a coastal village 24 kilometres west of Dieppe, on the Dieppe to St Valery-en-Caux main road on the Normandy coast.

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Fecamp ECAMP (Le Val Aux Clercs) Communal cemetry

Fecamp is a coastal town and port 41 kilometres north-east of Le Havre and Rouen. The cemetery is on the Rue Jean-Louis Leclerc, 76400 Fecamp.

for more information, see the WWI section

St Sever Cemetery, Rouen

St Sever Cemetery and extension is a large communal cemetery situated on the eastern edge of the southern Rouen suburbs of Le Grand Quevilly and Le Petit Quevilly.

for more information, see the WWI section

Bayeux Tapestry, Bayeux, Calvados

William of Normandy's famous victory at Hastings is retold through the Bayeux Tapestry, hand-woven and 70 metres long.

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Old Market Square, Rouen

On May 30th 1431, Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen as a heretic.

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Monument to the French 2nd Light Cavalry Division

In St.Valery-en-Caux itself is the monument to the French 2nd Light Cavalry Division, who attempted to delay Rommel's approach to the coast at St Valery in 1940

...by actually doing what was attributed to cavalry elsewhere and charging Rommel's tanks at swordpoint.

Veules-les-Roses Communal Cemetery.

Veules-les-Roses is a coastal village 24 kilometres west of Dieppe, on the Dieppe to St Valery-en-Caux main road on the Normandy coast.

Veules-les-Roses Communal Cemetery contains 38 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War, 14 of them unidentified, and all dating from June 1940.

Canadian War Cemetry, Dieppe

Battle of Dieppe 1942

The Dieppe Raid of 18-19 August 1942 was the first large scale daylight assault on a strongly held objective on the Continent since the Allied withdrawal of 1940.

The objectives of the raid were the destruction the Dieppe defences and neighbouring radar and aerodrome installations, the raiding of a German divisional headquarters close by and the capture of prisoners. The largely Canadian military force undertook the main assault on Dieppe itself, with flanking assaults by Commando units and additional Canadian battalions to the east and west of the town intended to neutralise batteries that commanded the direct approach.

Support was provided by more than 250 naval vessels and 69 air squadrons. Only the assaulting parties on the extreme flanks came within reasonable reach of their ambitious objectives and casualties were very heavy, with more than 3,600 of the military force of 6,100 killed, wounded, missing or captured. Naval casualties numbered 550. Many of those who died in the raid are buried at Dieppe Canadian War Cemetery, where 948 Commonwealth servicemen of the Second World War are now buried or commemorated. Other casualties of the raid are at Rouen, where some of the wounded were taken to hospital.

From the centre of Dieppe take the Avenue Gambetta and Avenue des Canadiens.

Head along the N27 out of Dieppe in the direction of Rouen until the first roundabout where there is a CWGC sign. Go across the roundabout and continue until you reach a second roundabout. Take the first turning right where there is another CWGC sign. Continue until Chemin des Jonquilles, a road on the left.

The cemetery is on the right of this road and is clearly visible.

Old Market Square, Rouen

On May 30th 1431, Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen as a heretic.

In Joan's memory, a tall cross has been erected on this site.

Each year, an official speech is given here during the Joan of Arc Festival on the last weekend of May.

Bayeux Tapestry, Bayeux, Calvados

William of Normandy's famous victory at Hastings is retold through the Bayeux Tapestry, hand-woven and 70 metres long.

Actually an embroidery, this wonder of the 11th century has been remarkably preserved and now acts as an essential source of information on the way of life in the Middle Ages.

Excellent audio guides accompany a visit to the Tapestry with a simplified version of the commentary for kids.

Discover the story behind the 58 scenes of the relic then have all your questions answered through the colourful signs, maps and models in the exhibition room and the sixteen-minute film in the cinema.